On the first day of Sukkot, the people were to gather 4 species of plants: the product of hadar trees, branches of palm trees, boughs of leafy trees and the willows of the brook. (Lev 23:39-43) They were to rejoice before Yehovah for seven days with those plants. The fruit refers to the Etrog (citron) and the branches of the palm trees refer to the lulav. The Boughs of leafy trees refer to the myrtle and the willows of the brook refer to the aravot. These 4 different species of plants were held together in their hands and waved in all 4 directions expressing their unity and belief in God’s omnipresence.
The four are often together called the lulav since it is the largest of the most prominent of the plants mentioned. Because the Feast of Sukkot is, on one hand related to the ingathering of the harvest, the lulav represents being grateful to God for His provision granting life, sustenance and the opportunity to reach the fall of the year. It can be thought of as a biblical feast of thanksgiving.
Let’s thank God for all He has provided and for allowing us to continue to do His work.